There are two kinds of internet routers available. They are wired and wireless routers. When you sign up for a new broadband then you will receive a wireless model rather than wired one for your internet service. That is because, wired model is outdated and tend to be only used by those who want to get online via Ethernet cable. Even wireless router allows you and most of them come with at least four Ethernet port which can be connected to TVs, PCs and other in-home gadgets to the internet.
Wireless router is basically an electronic device that works as a router. It means that it sends data from the internet cable to a device and as a wireless access point this data can be shared through radio signals instead of another cable.
Wireless routers are essential in homes where multiple people want to connect to the internet from more than a single base station, especially if you own a smartphone, tablet, or laptop that doesn’t come with its own Ethernet port.
How does a wireless router works
Using radio waves transmitted over the 802.11 spectrum, wireless routers under 100 take the binary signal provided by your ISP, and send it through the air to a compatible receiving device. The router creates individual IP addresses for each new device that gets added to the network, and, in theory at least, most home routers can support 250 number of connections at a time.
Now whether or not you will actually need all that bandwidth is debatable, but regardless, the point is that the router of today are significantly more advanced both in capability and features than the precursors of past. New routers take one internet signal and splits it in a dozen directions or more, while also protecting users with a number of backend additions like parental controls and firewalls.
In short, plug your phone or cable line into your router and data will be sent through the connection to the router.The Wi-Fi router then takes this data and converts it into radio signals, which are then picked up by devices with Wi–Fi capability such as laptops, tablets, smartphones and games consoles.
Difference between wireless router and a modem
The difference between a wireless router and an internet modem is as follows: a modem takes the signal from your ISP (Internet Service Provider, think Comcast or Time Warner), and converts it into data that can be either downloaded or uploaded from the computers in your home. It does this by transforming the signal that travels over either your cable line, phone line (DSL), or fiber optic line, and then pushes that data into the router.
Your router is responsible for splitting up that signal into more than one channel, so that more than one device can share a single IP address. Your home gets one address sent by the ISP, and a router splits that up into any number of individual streams that go to all your favorite devices.
The reason this is confusing for many consumers is because lately, it’s become the new trend for ISPs to bundle their modems and wireless routers together into a single unit, despite both devices serving very different independent functions.
So, the modem converts your ISP’s raw data into an internet signal, and your wireless router splits it up so that more than one person is capable of using it at a time.
Almost all modern routers manufactured today will come complete with a standard set of features that help the user customize and protect their online experience.
Some of the more obvious settings include protective settings like the internal firewall, selective port forwarding, and QoS controls, all of which help to secure your network from potential threats that may attempt to come down over the wires. Lesser-known features on the other hand can prove just as useful however, including neat tricks like parental controls that can designate specific hours when certain devices are allowed access to the network, and when it gets shut down. Are you tired of trying to get your kid to stay off their phone after bedtime, or using their iPad before they go to school? Simply choose the device in your parental control panel, and designate when it is allowed to be on the internet, and when it gets shut down for the night.
Wireless routers are a constantly evolving set of devices, and the manufacturers who make them are always finding new and exciting ways to innovate on the 40-year old technology. With 802.11AD routers just around the corner and fiber optic lines being laid everywhere, it won’t be long before these Wi-Fi workhorses will be pushing 4K streams of Netflix and Youtube to every device in your home at once, without breaking a sweat.